The United Indian
The United Indian

Up and Flying: The Rise of Aviation Industry In India

aviation industry in India

Skybound Dreams

Apr 24, 2024

Have you ever fantasized about taking a bird's-eye view of the breathtaking Himalayas or the colorful beaches of Goa? Have you ever pondered the reasons for the exponential expansion of Aviation Industry in India?


These hopes and goals are coming true for an increasing number of Indians. Come along with me as I trace the origins of the aviation industry in the biggest democracy in the world and show you how it has grown from a little town to a major player in the aviation industry worldwide.


The Ascent Of Aviation Industry in India

Since its first airline, Tata Airlines, was founded in 1932, the Indian aviation industry has made great strides. Factors such as liberalization legislation, increased disposable incomes, and increasing connectivity have fuelled the industry's tremendous expansion throughout the decades.


A number of favorable developments are brewing over aviation industry in India, making it an ideal location for expansion. Here are some of the key drivers:


Soaring Middle Class: India's economic development has led to a burgeoning middle class with disposable income. This newfound financial freedom has translated into a desire for travel and exploration, with air travel becoming an increasingly accessible option.

Government Support: The Indian government has recognized the potential of the aviation industry and has implemented several policies to boost its growth. This includes initiatives like the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS-UDAN), which aims to connect underserved and unserved regions by air. Additionally, the government is investing heavily in airport infrastructure development, with plans to increase the number of operational airports from 149 to around 200 in the next few years.

Low-Cost Carriers Take Flight: Another reason impacting aviation industry in India is the rise of low-cost carriers (LCCs) like IndiGo and SpiceJet has made air travel more affordable for the masses. These airlines offer competitive fares, stimulating demand and encouraging more people to consider air travel for shorter trips and weekend getaways.

Increased Competition: Healthy competition among airlines, both domestic and international, has led to improved services, greater connectivity, and ultimately, more affordable fares for passengers.


aviation industry in India


The Path of Growth

The statistics speak volumes about the remarkable growth of the aviation industry in India.

• Passenger traffic has doubled in the past decade, with domestic passenger volume projected to reach a staggering 300 million by 2030.

• The number of operational airports has seen a significant rise, with the government's ambitious plans to further expand this infrastructure.

• Aircraft fleets are growing rapidly, with airlines placing large orders for new planes to cater to the rising demand.


The opening of India's economy to foreign investment and trade in the early 1990s allowed the country's aviation industry to flourish. Deregulation of the aviation industry and the adoption of open skies laws allowed new entrants to the market, which in turn raised competition and enhanced passenger services.


The aviation industry in India has seen profound changes brought about by technological developments. Modern planes, new airports, and better air traffic control systems have all contributed to a safer, more efficient, and more pleasant flying experience for everyone.


aviation industry in India


Key Players in the Aviation Industry in India

From legacy carriers like Air India and Jet Airways to low-cost airlines like IndiGo and SpiceJet, the Indian aviation market boasts a diverse range of players catering to various segments of travelers. These airlines have revolutionized air travel in India, offering affordable fares, extensive route networks, and world-class services.


Legacy Carriers:

Air India (AI): The national carrier, Air India, offers a full-service experience with a vast domestic and international network. Though undergoing restructuring, it holds a significant market share in international travel. The Airline is one of the key players of aviation industry in India.


Low-Cost Carriers (LCCs)

  1. IndiGo (6E): The undisputed leader in the Indian aviation market, IndiGo boasts the largest market share (over 50%) due to its aggressive pricing strategy, wide network, and modern fleet.


  1. SpiceJet (SG): Another major LCC player, SpiceJet offers a strong domestic network with competitive fares, making it a popular choice for budget-conscious travellers.

aviation industry in India

Full-Service Airlines:

  1. Vistara (UK): A joint venture between Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines, Vistara provides a premium travel experience with a focus on comfort and in-flight services.


  1. AirAsia India (I5): A collaboration between Tata Sons and AirAsia, AirAsia India offers a blend of affordability and some premium services, catering to travelers seeking a step up from the basic LCC experience.


New Entrants in Aviation Industry in India:

Now, lets have a look at the new entrants making way in Aviation Industry in India.

  1. Akasa Air (QP): Launched in 2023, Akasa Air is a new budget airline aiming to disrupt the market with a focus on efficiency and technology.


  1. Jet Airways (9W): The iconic Jet Airways, which ceased operations in 2019, is planning a much-anticipated revival in 2024, adding a new dimension to the competitive landscape.


aviation industry in India


Challenges on the Horizon: Keeping Pace with Growth

While the future of Indian aviation industry appears bright, there are challenges that need to be addressed to ensure sustainable growth.

Infrastructure Bottlenecks: The rapid increase in passenger traffic is putting pressure on existing airport infrastructure. There's a need to develop new airports and expand existing ones to handle the growing volumes of passengers and cargo.

Skilled Workforce Shortage: The aviation industry in India requires a skilled workforce to maintain its growth trajectory. Investing in training programs and attracting talent will be crucial to meet the industry's demands.

Aviation Industry in India : Fuel prices and other operational costs can significantly impact ticket prices. Finding ways to maintain affordability for passengers, especially in the budget-conscious segment, will be essential for sustained growth.


aviation industry in India

The Future of Aviation Industry in India : A Multi-Airline Play

There are likely to be more than one airline in the Indian flight market, with each one serving a different group of people. Low-cost carriers (LCCs) will likely stay strong with their low-cost services, while full-service carriers will continue to focus on business passengers and international routes. Akasa Air and the relaunched Jet Airways are two new airlines that could further rock up the market by adding more options and possibly lowering prices.


A Collaborative Approach

Collaboration between airlines and government agencies is crucial for sustained growth of aviation industry in India. Initiatives like code-sharing agreements between airlines and infrastructure development by the government can create a more efficient and connected aviation ecosystem.


aviation industry in India

Conclusion: A Golden Age for Aviation Industry in India

India's aviation industry is experiencing a golden age. With a supportive government, expanding demand, and rising affordability, the sky is the limit. By tackling current issues and embracing technology improvements, the Indian aviation industry is prepared to soar to new heights, becoming a key player on the world scene.


In conclusion, India's thriving aviation industry demonstrates the country's economic prosperity, technological prowess, and unwavering spirit of innovation. As we navigate tumultuous skies and unexpected difficulties, let us remain steady in our determination to take the aviation industry in India to new heights.


Together, we can preserve the dream of flying high alive for future generations.


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